Journal of Business and Political Economy: Biannual Review of The Indonesian Economy Review [P-ISSN 2685-2004] is devoted to the study of political economy, economy, and business issues, focussing on encouraging transparency on the economic decision-making process in Indonesia. The review is published biannually in July and December by Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF), Jakarta, Indonesia.The coverage topics of the journal are Finance and Banking, Institutional Economics, Agricultural Economics, Political Economy, Economics Science, Development Economics, International Trade, Monetary Economy, Industrial Economics and Macroeconomics. This journal also receives all of the articles from developing and developed countries.